This update improves the wording and clarity of the previous checklist and incorporates recommendations related to topics that have only recently received recognition, such as selective outcome reporting bias.
This explanatory and elaboration document—intended to enhance the use, understanding, and dissemination of the CONSORT statement—has also been extensively revised.
A CONSORT explanation and elaboration article was published in 2001 alongside the 2001 version of the CONSORT statement.
After an expert meeting in January 2007, the CONSORT statement has been further revised and is published as the CONSORT 2010 Statement.
Overwhelming evidence shows the quality of reporting of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) is not optimal.